Constitutional Provisions on Human Rights

The Constitution of each country is a set of rules, principles, procedures, and precedents that define the identity of a nation – its character, values, ethos, aspiration – and describe how it will be governed, how laws are made, and by whom. Human Rights are enshrined – expressed, preserved, and protected – in varying forms and degrees in the Constitutions of each State, confirming the fundamental freedoms, liberties, and entitlements of each citizen, and establishing limits of State power. Through the Constitution – in most countries, the Supreme Law of the land – the State is legally obligated to provide for the social, economic, civic and political, environmental, and cultural needs of people and groups, and to defend those rights against violation.