National Strategic Plans for HIV

Countries and regions around the world systematically organise, coordinate, and administer their responses to HIV – a complex issue that involves development, economics, health, epidemiology, human rights, social norms and attitudes, human sexuality, and the law – through the development of multi-year National Strategic Plans or Frameworks. NSPs outline actions and interventions necessary to address the epidemic in each country and indicate the costs of implementing those strategies so that they can be financed. Through NSPs – owing to the nature of HIV – States acknowledge and recognise select sexual and gender minorities, and sex workers as targets for sexual health and reproductive health services, even when the existence of those populations is otherwise denied by the State, or when populations are subject to punitive legislation and restrictive policies that increase their vulnerability to HIV.